siloam orchards cider / DISEASE RESISTANT apple varieties

         

CIDER APPLES Sharp-low tannin, high acidity     Bittersharp- high tannin, high acidity Bittersweet- high tannin, low acidity   Sweet- low tannin, low acidity      

        See Claude Jolicoeur website www.cjoliprsf.ca for details on his discoveries Banane Amere  /  Bilodeau  /  Douce de Charlevoix 


BANANE AMERE   Discovered in Quebec and named by Claude Jolicoeur. Full bittersweet with hard tannins, very bitter, mid season ripening. Detailed description with photo and juice analysis data on Claude’s website.  

BILODEAU   Discovered in Quebec and named by Claude Jolicoeur. Mild bittersharp with rather astringent tannin, early ripening. Detailed description with photo and juice analysis data on Claude’s website.  

BREAKWELL’S SEEDLING      Bittersharp Tree of medium vigor, heavy cropper, precocious. From England 1890’s.

 BROWN’S APPLE   Sharp, mid season, tangy, fruity aroma. From South Devon, England, early 1900’s. Pick October at our location. Medium dark red fruit, flesh may be stained with red. Vintage cider apple. Ag Canada publication 1988-6E states “fair juice yield". Medium soluble solids. High titratable acids. Sugar to acid ratio 13. Medium tannin.

   BULMERS NORMAN    Originally from Normandy, France, developed by H.P. Bulmer & Co., Hereford England.  Bittersweet, fast fermenting, fruit is large, yellow/green, triploid type, ripens mid season. Vintage type. 

 BURGUNDY   Fully tree ripened Burgundy apples have a unique flavor best described as tropical with traces of raspberry ; very juicy large dark red – purple nearly black fruit. Harvest mid September. A 1974 release from New York ; parents include Monroe and Macoun. Fruit hang well but should be harvested before becoming over ripe. Sub acid , best to blend with a variety higher in acid, however we prefer a high percentage of Burgundy in any blends to promote the unique flavor. 

CHISEL JERSEY      From the Martock-Kingsbury area of Somerset, England, dating back 150 years. Yields a full-bodied, astringent juice, high tannin, and bittersweet, for a blended cider. Late ripening. Fruit is green with a red blush. Tree is vigorous and productive.     

   DABINETT Medium bittersweet. Medium size, green with dull red flush, productive. From Somerset England, possibly a seedling of Chisel Jersey. ‘Soft’ tannin.

  DOUCE DE CHARLEVOIX   Discovered in Quebec and named by Claude Jolicoeur. Medium bittersweet with mildly bitter tannin, early ripening. Detailed description with photo and juice analysis data at Claude’s website. 

 HARRY MASTERS JERSEY       Vintage full bittersweet, softly astringent, high quality cider, late to ripen. England 1800’s. Dark red.  

HEWES CRAB  

     MEDAILLE d’OR   Full bittersweet, astringent, disease resistant. Small yellow fruit, very late to ripen. France, early 1800’s. ‘Soft’ tannin  

MICHELIN     Originated in Normandy about 1872 with M. Legrand of Yvetot, Normandy, France and brought to Herefordshire in 1884 by the Woolhope Naturalists Field Club, now widely planted in England. Named after M. Michelin of cider apple renown. Light green/ yellow coloring, small, tree is moderately vigorous and productive, bears in tight clusters, bittersweet for blending, mid season.  

 MUSCADET de DIEPPE    From Normandy, France, 1750. Orange-red small fruit that is sweet and aromatic. Bittersweet cider, produces a good one variety cider. 

PORTERS PERFECTION      Bittersharp variety for blended cider. Tree is vigorous and productive, with fruit that is flushed dark red over cream. Ripens very late, in October.  

RUSSET VARIETIES

 STOKES RED       Medium bittersharp, fruity aroma, high quality for blending or single variety cider. Disease resistant. From England 1920.  Ag Canada publication1988-6E states “Fair to good juice yield". High soluble solids. High titratable acid. Sugar to acid ratio 19. Very high tannin...... fermented product having a distinctly clean flavour with no hint of the undesirable, odd, ester-like flavours sometimes described as perfumy. Used to upgrade tannin, acidity, flavour, and soluble solids in cider blends. 

   SWEET ALFORD      Vintage cider variety in the sweet class, ripens mid season. Fruit is small, pale yellow blushed pink; tree is moderately vigorous and spreading. Often used in blends to balance bitter sharp varieties.

 SWEET COPPIN      Mid season, sweet cider variety. England early 1700’s. 

 TREMLETTS BITTER   An old English cider apple; some 200 year old trees are still producing in England! Bittersweet, mid season, medium sized fruit that is yellowish flushed with red. Tree is moderately vigorous and precocious.   Ag Canada publication1988-6E states “Fair juice yield". High soluble solids. Low titratable acid. Sugar to acid ratio 47. Very high tannin. ... Fermented product having a distinctly clean flavour with no hint of the undesirable, odd, ester-like flavours sometimes described as perfumy. Used to upgrade tannin, flavour, and soluble solids in cider blends.  

 YARLINGTON MILL         One of the true Somerset Jersey cider apples, bittersweet, oxidizes quickly producing a dark cider that is light and aromatic, late ripening. From Yarlington, West Cadbury in the 1800’s, found growing out of a wall near a water wheel at the mill site. Small fruit, pale yellow. Tree is moderately vigorous and very productive. Vintage cider type.    High soluble solids. Low titratable acid. Sugar to acid ratio 48. Very high tannin...good for making cider where its high tannin and soluble solids are useful in fermented cider blends tannin.   A report from a back issue of Pomona states “very" heavy crops of conical fruit that can be pressed over a period of several weeks after harvesting. Gives a vintage, prized European-style hard cider when blended with Kingston Black

DISEASE RESISTANT APPLES

    This group consists of apple varieties that have been bred for disease resistance, primarily apple scab, by cross pollinating varieties that have natural disease resistance with varieties that have desirable characteristics. Excellent for organic growers or home gardeners without the desire to spray fungicides (organic or conventional). These are still susceptible to insect damage. We experienced a "test winter" in 2005 that gave us better data on the relative winter hardiness of these varieties. Those that suffered from winter damage are now recommended for Canada zone 5, while those with no damage are suitably hardy for zone 4    

          BRITEGOLD A mid season yellow disease resistant variety reminiscent of Golden Delicious. Attractive coloration, bright yellow / gold often blushed pink on the sunny side, tangy sweet. From Ag. Canada 1980, Smithfield Station, Trenton, Ontario. Great for organic gardens. Late September / early October harvest. Parents include 25% Red Delicious, 25% Red Melba, Northern Spy, Jonathan and Rome Beauty. Tree is of moderate to low vigor (dwarfing), and blooms with McIntosh.   Zone 5 

  CRIMSON CRISP (CO OP 39) Outstanding  release from PRI. Flesh is cream coloured, mildly acid, coarse grained, crisp, breaking, hard. Sugary, spicy, full rich flavour, juicy to very juicy. Stores 6 months although flavour is best at harvest in Sept. 

 DAYTON     Dark red mid September apple, a disease resistant selection from the PRI program 1988 for the organic grower. Parents include Melba, Rome, Jonathan, and Wealthy. Crisp, juicy, often large, moderately acid, good flavor, pale yellow flesh. Zone 4.    

     ENTERPRISE A late maturing storage apple from PRI, ripens mid to even late October at Siloam. Dark red fruit is moderately acid at harvest, spicy, juicy with a full rich flavour. Stores for 6 months, after 2 months quality is equal to or better than at harvest. 

 FREEDOM From New York Ag., 1983. Parents include 25% Macoun, 25% Antonovka, 25% Golden Delicious, also Rome. Large, red striped over yellowish background; creamy, juicy, firm, tender and moderately acid, unique pleasant flavor. Harvest October. Zone 4. One of the better disease resistant varieties for storage may retain quality until December in cold storage.  

  GALARINA A Gala type that is disease resistant and also hardier than Gala. The cross is Gala x Florina Querinaa, made at Angers France and tested at Ag Canada Richelieu Quebec. Fruit ripens with Cortland, later than Gala, also has better storage capabilities than Gala. Galarina has good quality after 4 months of cold storage. 

     JALANDER JANINA JENNAVIEVE 

JONAFREE    1979 from PRI, parents include 25% Jonathan, 25% Gallia Beauty, 25% Red Spy, also Golden Delicious and Rome. Medium sized, orangey red over pale yellow, crisp, juicy, fine grained, mildly acidic and lightly aromatic. Harvest October Zone 5.   

   LIBERTY    A disease resistant apple from the New York State Agriculture Experiment Station, Geneva, New York, 1978. Parentage includes 50% Macoun, 25% Wealthy, also Rome Beauty. Dark red, crisp, juicy, somewhat yellowish flesh. One of the best of the disease resistant varieties for storage. Harvest early October. Zone 4 

MACFREE      A disease resistant McIntosh type, parentage includes 50% McIntosh, 25% Jonathan, also Rome Beauty. Resembles McIntosh in appearance and flavor, harvest during or at the end of McIntosh season, mid to late October at our location. Fruit tend to be small, thin for better size. Tree is moderately vigorous and spreading, blooms with McIntosh. From Agriculture Canada, Smithfield Experimental Station, Trenton, Ontario, 1974. Zone 4  

  MURRAY     A disease resistant selection from Agriculture Canada, Smithfield Station, Trenton, Ontario, 1980. Parentage includes 50% McIntosh, 25% Red Melba, also Wolf River and others. A Mac type that is harvested much earlier, late August, essentially a summer McIntosh although softer flesh. Blooms with Mac. Tree is moderately vigorous and spreading, zone 4  

 NOVAMAC   1978, from Ag. Canada, Kentville, NS. Parentage includes 50% McIntosh, also Jonathan, Melba, Red Rome, Wealthy, Starr and Rome Beauty. Similar to McIntosh, earlier to ripen by a week or so, in early September, a bit more tart.  Zone 4  

 NOVASPY    1986 from Ag. Canada, Kentville, NS. Parents include 50% Nova Easygro, 25% Red Spy, 25% Golden Delicious. Similar to Northern Spy, picked several weeks earlier. Great for pies. Greenish yellow, striped and blushed dark red. Moderately acid creamy yellow flesh, very firm, crisp, juicy. Harvest early October. Zone 5 only, more tender than others in this group. 

 PRISTINE         From PRI, 1995, an excellent disease resistant early yellow green variety, sweet/tart. Harvest in August. Zone 4   

  REDFREE    Parentage is 50% Raritan, also Jonathan and Rome. A summer variety for the organic grower, ripening in August, from PRI 1981. Glossy medium red over yellow; flesh is light cream, mild, low acid. Ripens over a relatively long period, good for home gardens. Zone 4. 

 REINETTE RUSSET  A new release from Ag Canada. At least partially disease resistant, hardier and larger than Golden Russet. A sport of the heirloom apple variety Reine de Reinette. Ripens one or two weeks ahead of Golden Russet, sweet, good for cider.  Detailed description 

  ROUVILLE        Very winter hardy disease resistant selection from Ag. Canada, St. Jean, Quebec, 1983, parents include Wolf River, Melba, Mac. Large red fruit; flesh white to cream, juicy, subacid with high sugar and tannin, ripens August. Vigorous, precocious.

   TANGOWINE   Highly resistant to apple scab, this variety exhibits pink veined flesh, is aromatic and uniquely flavored. An attractive red apple picked late, in October, and is fairly winter hardy to Canada zone 4. Apparently from Charles Stultz of Havelock, New Brunswick, popular on Canada’s east coast.  

 Other apple varieties that may offer some degree of disease ( apple scab ) resistance:  Belle de Boskoop, Blue Pearmain, Holstein Cox, Hudsons Golden Gem,  Jefferis, Keepsake, Northwest Greening, Roxbury Russet, Salome, Sandow, , Sweet Bough, Wagener, Wealthy, Wolf River, ; and many cider apples including Browns Apple and Stokes Red.       





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