Our fruit trees are  bud grafted  each year in August and scion grafted in February. Orders can be placed at any time of year.  The stock is grown over the following summer into one year old specimens that are ready for pickup or courier in dormant bare root condition in late fall or early the next spring. One year old stock averages 3 feet tall , often larger depending on the chosen rootstock , variety and growing conditions. Dwarf trees can be expected to begin flowering and fruiting in their 3rd year ; trees on vigorous rootstocks take longer to initiate the first fruit. 

SELECTING TREES                Refer to pollination requirements for each group.  Consider the ultimate size of the tree when planning your site.  Do not choose poorly drained locations.  Harvest dates refer to the approximate ripening date at our location.  The winter hardiness zone ratings are intended as a general conservative guideline.  Often trees may be successful in colder zones than they are rated for when given sheltered locations and are well cared for.  Consult the Canadian Plant Hardiness Zone map to find your zone.  A plus sign beside the zone rating (4+) indicates this variety may be hardier than expected.  One year whips are trees that are usually from 2' to 5' tall and are not branched.  They ship and transplant with excellent results and are usually the choice of commercial growers.    

 POLLINATION            Select  at least two distinct varieties for the purpose of cross pollination.  A few varieties are triploids that do not produce viable pollen.  These should be planted with two non triploid varieties. Triploids are noted as such in the descriptions.  

TRIPLOID APPLES          These varieties have pollen which is different from ‘regular’ apples. A triploid (ie Greening) will not pollinate a ‘regular’ type (ie McIntosh). If you were to plant only 1 each of these 2 varieties, the Mac would pollinate the Bramleys which would fruit, however the Bramleys would not pollinate the Mac, which would be devoid of fruit. Therefore if you plant a triploid variety,  you need to plant it with at least 2 other ‘regular’    ( non-triploid) varieties. The following apples are triploid types.              Belle de Boskoop , Blenheim Orange , Bulmers Norman (Cider) , Fallawater Holstein, Tompkins King, Rhode Island Greening, Shizuka   

   PRICING 2017      Our minimum order is $125.00 which entitles customers to 3 one year old specimens of assorted apple or pear.  4 to 9 specimens $35.00 each       10-49 specimens $30.00 each     50-99 specimens $25.00 each 100  specimens custom grafted $22.50 each /  please inquire about pricing for larger orders   

GUARANTEE              Siloam Orchards fruit trees are guaranteed to be in good health and be true to name upon delivery.  Trees are not guaranteed further, as we have absolutely no control over how the trees are handled.  Should you have any complaints regarding your trees, contact us and we will do our best to satisfy you and issue a replacement if warranted.  Trees are NOT guaranteed to over winter.  Please consult the Hardiness Zone ratings before selecting trees.  Siloam Orchards will not be held responsible for damages greater than the retail value of the purchase. 

 ORCHARD  SUPPLIES       Details will be posted as soon as available 

ROOTSTOCK                Rootstock for apple and pear  is available in April each year  to graft your own  trees on a pre-ordered basis. We import our rootstock and make small quantities available to Canadian growers in bundles of 20 dormant specimens.

          For spring April 2017 we are taking orders for apple grafting Bud 9  /  EMLA 26  /  Bud 118 ; for pear grafting dwarf OHF 333 and vigorous OHF 89.    Spring 2017 pricing ; $125.00 per bundle . Courier estimates are available by request.     

  Apple   EMLA 111      -semi vigorous rootstock , mature trees average about 18 feet tall ( 20% dwarfing effect )  winter hardy to Canada zone 4 ; does not require support after the first few years ; tolerant of drought and heavy / light soil conditions ; resistant to collar rot and wooly apple aphid.  

EMLA 106    -   semi vigorous , trees will average about 16 feet tall ( 25% - 40% dwarfing ), winter hardy Canada zone 4 ; promotes early bearing , self supporting after first few years 

 EMLA 26   - dwarfing rootstock to produce trees perhaps 14 feet tall at maturity ( 60% dwarfing effect ) ; winter hardy Canada zone 4 ; should be staked . 

 Bud 9      -  dwarfing rootstock to produce apple trees about 8 feet tall , winter hardy Canada zone 3 ; similar size as the popular M9 with much greater winter hardiness and some fireblight resistance compared to M9

 Bud 118  -  vigorous version of Bud 9 in the size range of M106 and M111

  PEAR  Old Home x Farmingdale (OHF ) 87   -  semi dwarfing pear rootstock producing mature trees about 15 feet tall ( 40 % dwarfing effect ) ; good winter hardiness in Canada zone 4 ; fireblight resistance 

 OHF 333   -  dwarf pear rootstock that will produce trees of various vigour depending on the pear variety grafted onto it , average 10 feet tall ; fireblight resistance 

 GRAFTING SUPPLIES       Details will be posted as soon as available 

CUSTOM GRAFTING       If you have an apple or pear tree which you would like to propagate , be it  an heirloom variety , a tree of unknown origin with exceptional fruit, or one from your grandparents farm with nostalgic value ; you can collect the budwood according to our directions, ship or deliver it to us and we will propagate it for you. Trees are budded in August, grown the following summer to produce one year whips ready for shipping or pickup the next April.   

 COLLECTING BUDWOOD     Bud sticks are the terminal shoots that have developed  during the current growing season. They should be taken from a vigorous part of the tree. Many older, neglected, unpruned trees produce very little new growth. Spring pruning  will help to encourage new growth in the vicinity of  the cut. Ideally the sticks are 60 cm. and contain a number of healthy buds, and are of pencil thickness. The buds must be properly matured. At this time the terminal bud on the potential budstick will have set. Lateral, slower growing shoots will mature and set terminal buds earlier than upright ones and sucker or watersprout growth. A further test to determine budstick maturity is to pull downward on a leaf in the middle of the shoot. The leafstem on the mature stick will snap off the shoot  cleanly without tearing. Excess irrigation and fertility particularly nitrogen will delay maturity. In our location the budsticks are generally ready for gathering in early August.When the budwood has been gathered remove the leaves to conserve moisture. Keep them moist by immediately wrapping them in  several thicknesses of damp paper towel or newspaper. Further wrap in sealed plastic. It is vital that we receive the budsticks  as soon as possible. If you are shipping them to us do so at once preferably by priority post or courier. Delay the gathering until you can ship at once. If you are delivering them to us, cool them  with freeze packs or other suitable method for transport.file to download.

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